Some Rules of Precis-Writing


Writing a precis means making an intelligent summary of a long passage. To write a precis one should have a clear understanding of the passage: only then well one be able to include all the essential points  and tips and tricks of essay examples in the precis.

Some general considerations :

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    It is generally accepted that a precis should be a third of the passage given. If the original passage has 300 words, the precis should not be more than 110 words in length.

  • A precis should be in the language of the precis-writer. The original passage is not to be reduced in length by just removing unimportant or unnecessary sentences and by reproducing the rest as the precis. It should be a brief gist or summary of the passage expressed in the writer’s own words.
  • A precis should be full i.e. it should contain all the essential thoughts, ideas or fact in the original passage. It should not contain repetitions or observations that are not relevant to the main theme of the original.
  • A precis is always written in Reported Speech. The passage given may be a speech made by a person in Direct Speech, but the precis is to be in Reported Speech and in the Third Person and in the Past tense.

Techniques of Precis – Writing

There three kinds of work to be done in producing a clear and successful precis. They are (1) Reading, (2) Writing and (3) Revision.


Read the passage carefully

If one reading is not enough to give you a general idea of its meaning, then read it a second time. As you read, find out the subject or the theme of the passage and what is said about the subject.

It will be a good thing if you find out the lead or the topic sentence. The lead sentence will help you to see the subject clearly. It will also help you to think of a title for the precis example.

Further reading may be necessary at this stage to make sure that the details of the passage are also understood. Read the passage more slowly this time, even sentence by sentence, and make sure that everything in the passage is understood. If this is not done, it is likely that you will miss something important, especially if it is expressed by a short phrase or a single word.

Now comes the process of selection. The writer of the precis writing passages has to decide what facts or ideas in the passage are essential and what are of secondary or no importance. Taking the main ideas of the passages as your point of reference, it should not be too difficult to write out the important points in the original in a corner of your writing work sheet.


Essay Writing SkillsYou should first prepare a draft of the precis, keeping in mind, the need to reduce he original to one-third its length. The main thoughts expressed in the passage, the ideas it contains, the opinions presented and the conclusion arrived at should figure in the rough draft. Unimportant things like the names of people and places and dates should not figure in it.

It may so happen that your first draft is too long or that it sounds rather jerky. Shorten it if necessary and write out a careful second draft during college preparation. Sometimes you may need to work out three or even four drafts, but with reasonable care and concentration, you should normally succeed in producing a good precis writing by the second draft.

Remember that a precis or essay is a connected whole and that it should read smoothly and continuously, Get more advice and tips for more study tips for online education sites.


When you have made your second (or final) draft, carefully revise it before writing out the fair copy. Look for many mistakes or slips in grammar or spelling and correct them. Don’t forge to give your precis a title for precis writing examples.

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Know How to Write Thesis Statements

Whether you are a apprentice or a teacher, writing apriorism statements is the lot of difficult allotment of the writing process. Acceptances abnormally accept a difficult time crafting apriorism statements that are not alone concise, but aback an argument. However, writing apriorism statements “and teaching how to address them “does not accept to be difficult. If you chase a few simple steps, you’ll accept acceptance creating abundant apriorism statements, and by extension, abundant affidavit in no time. The aboriginal time you do this, you’ll apparently wish to airing your acceptance through the accomplished affair in class, but they’ll get the adhere of it bound and anon be able to do it on their own.

Active Reading

Many acceptance like to apprehend after accomplishing abundant else. These will not advice them address able apriorism statements. They charge to appoint in alive reading, or account with a purpose.

It helps if they apperceive afore they alpha account that they charge to address a cardboard on this accurate piece. You can as well accord them some examples of things to attending for. Historical context, author’s message, style, and appearance development are all abundant ideas. Then, if they are reading, they should accentuate passages that they acquisition absorbing or yield notes.


Once the acceptance accept completed their alive reading, they should attending at the passages they accent or the addendum they took. They should be able to activate seeing a theme, or something that recurs throughout their notes. This is what they should anticipate about writing their cardboard on. Accept them begin some added account about this topic. The best way to do this is to accept them address down aggregate they can anticipate of about their affair in affiliation to the section they apprehend for 5 minutes, even if they anticipate the account are no good. Then, they’ll accept something to plan with.

Ask a Question

After they brainstorm, they should attending at their notes. Accept them address down a few questions about their notes. These should be questions that they can acknowledgment in a accomplished paper, not yes or no questions. Then, accept them accept one catechism they would like to accord with for the absoluteness of their paper.

Answer a Question

Once they accept called a question, they charge to acknowledgment that question. Remind them that there is no one appropriate acknowledgment to any question. Rather, as continued as they can prove that their acknowledgment is correct, it is. Their answers should be in the anatomy of a sentence, and it should be abundantly detailed. This agency that they should abide allurement themselves “why?” and “so what?”, until they cannot ask these questions anymore.

This will advice them ability a account that is not alone an argument, but is a circuitous one with abounding facets, which will advice them address a bigger paper. The acknowledgment to the catechism is their apriorism statement.

Collect Details

After they accept crafted their apriorism statements, they should go aback through the section they are writing about to aggregate details. Some of these may be in their notes, but addition attending through the access with a focus can advice them acquisition data they had missed. Accept them address these data down and again compose an outline or a clear organizer of sorts to advice them adapt their paper. They should be able to array data into two or three capital points, and this capital credibility will eventually become their physique paragraphs.


The final step in the action is for acceptance to address their precis writing. However, this should be simple already they accept done all of this pre-work. Accept them address paragraphs and sentences based on the data they collect, and consistently be abiding they are traveling aback to proving their aphorism throughout the accomplished thesis.

Tips on how to write a thesis for a research paper examples

A term paper, normally known as a search paper, could be a sensibly thesis and precis writing that’s needed to be ready for obtaining a grade in an remarkably degree. It’s to be written at the top of the term. It’s a compulsory project for college kids, and one cannot get a degree or skip to following term while not submitting this term paper. For creating a suitable term paper, you wish to require in mind some necessary concerns and following steps of tips on how to write a research paper.

General Writing recommendations on Term Paper

Select Associate in nursing applicable Topic

research paper draft exampleThe first step is to decide on a subject on that you’ll analysis on and write the simplest. There area unit several students World Health Organization don’t get smart grades only for the rationale that they didn’t opt for the acceptable topic for analysis. It’s obvious that you simply got to choose a subject that is appropriate to your specific field of study. If you’ve got any doubt relating to that topic you ought to choose, the simplest choice is to debate along with your faculty member World Health Organization can for certain assist you in selecting out a decent topic. It’s not suggested to travel for a search paper topic that’s too general in nature. Instead, choose one, that though’ being rare, may be researched enough with adequate data as needed for the project. Also, don’t miss out on deciding the issues that require to be processed within the term paper. The issues will definitely be a decent base for a well reasoned theory of paper.

Try to Gather Term Paper Data

After you’ve got elect the subject that’s rare, nevertheless re searchable; you’ll begin the task of aggregation data that’s associated with the subject. The simplest thanks to collect smart data is that the webs, which can conjointly offer you new concepts referring to what further points you, wish to incorporate in your term paper. However, you’ll conjointly bear previous term and analysis papers. Books and encyclopedias area unit different smart resources of gathering helpful data. Collect the maximum amount knowledge as potential.

Arrange the Collected knowledge Properly in Writing

The next step is too arranged and prepares all the information collected. You will or might not embrace all the knowledge that’s collected. If you opt to incorporate all gathered knowledge within the term paper, simply confirm that it doesn’t add up to the length. You’ll conjointly choose solely the foremost appropriate, related, and vital aspects, to form a decent analysis paper. Don’t think about points which will build the reader escape from the most topic of writing.

Follow the quality Pattern

You then got to produce an overview of however your term paper can really be. When thinking on the matter and data, decide however you’ll place it in sections and sub-sections. It’s always higher to follow the standard analysis paper format; which has the heading and therefore the starting part, main remains of the paper, concluding ending, list, and appendices. Organizing all of your knowledge during this pattern can build the paper acceptable.

Make a Draft

After you’ve got selected the format of presentation and therefore the matter that’s to be enclosed, prepare a rough draft. Prepare the rough draft as if you’re really creating the ultimate term paper of research paper draft example. This may rule out abundant of the probabilities of errors and modifications. Once you complete creating the draft, revise it totally for any mistakes. Bear the matter and determine if it’s applicable price mentioning. To forestall errors, it’s steered to revise the rough draft many times and let a 3rd person check it for any mistakes that were left unnoticed.

Write the ultimate term paper Writing

After you’ve got created all the modifications and changes, you’ll proceed to form the ultimate term paper. Bear the ultimate paper repeatedly to search out some additional mistakes. You’ll conjointly provide it to a 3rd person for checking if it’s in an exceedingly correct flow. Scrutiny your final paper with different previous analysis papers could be an excellent plan for tips on writing to ascertain if your paper is suitable and valuable.

Those higher than navigation a way to write a term paper ought to most crucially creating perceive that you simply got to be terribly peacefully in reasoning the speculation and downside including higher than. Any incorrect or inappropriate purpose and hints will considerably lower your faculty or faculty grades. Best of luck!!

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